Waste and Recycling Legislation
Alberta produces many wastes requiring management. Depending on the type of waste and how it is generated, transported and processed, it may be subject to one or more pieces of local, provincial or Federal legislation.
Alberta Environment and Parks (AEP) is the provincial department responsible for how wastes and recyclables are managed in Alberta. The Environmental Protection and Enhancement Act (EPEA) is most relevant to waste and enables waste and recycling regulations. A figure to the right shows the hierarchy of how requirements are enabled.
Provided below are links to waste and recycling legislation specific to AEP. Regulations listed below are enabled under EPEA.
Codes of Practice
The following codes of practice are provided for waste management facilities that are eligible for registration as described by the Activities Designation Regulation.
While some small select waste facilities can register under one of the above codes, others will require an EPEA approval. For more information on the approval process, see:
Standards, Guides and Manuals
The following guidelines and standards apply to waste management facilities.
- Action Leakage Rate Guideline– Nov 2012 (35 pages, <1 MB)
- Alberta Landfill and Composting Facility Operator Certification Guideline– Jul 29, 2016 (22 pages, <1 MB)
- Alberta Transfer Station Technical Guidance Manual– Sep 2008 (130 pages, 5.2 MB)
- Alberta User Guide for Waste Managers– Aug 1996 (487 pages, 2.7 MB)
- Beneficial Use of Waste– Jun 2006 (162 pages, 2.5 MB)
- Continuing Education Unit Policy– Nov 1, 2017 (5 pages, <1 MB)
- Guidelines for the Disposal of Asbestos Waste– Aug 1989 (10 pages, <1 MB)
- Guidelines for Landfill Disposal of Sulphur Waste and Remediation of Sulphur Containing Soils– Sep 12, 2011 (39 pages, <1 MB)
- Hazardous Waste and Hazardous Recyclables– 2010 (2 pages, <1 MB)
- Hazardous Waste Storage Guidelines– Jun 1988 (11 pages, <1 MB)
Household Hazardous Waste Round-Ups– May 4, 2001 (39 pages, <1 MB)
A Guide for Municipalities Participating in the Household Hazardous Waste Program
- Industrial Waste Identification and Management Options– Oct 1996 (72 pages, <1 MB)
- Landfill Operator Certification Study Guide– Sep 2016 (155 pages, 10.7 MB)
- Leaf and Yard Waste Composting Manual– Dec 1999 (46 pages, 3.9 MB)
- Mid-Scale Composting Manual– Dec 1999 (70 pages, 2.3 MB)
- Monthly Waste Inventory Report by Class – Sample – 2012 (1 page, <1 MB)
- Monthly Waste Inventory Report by Material – Sample– 2012 (1 page, <1 MB)
- Snow Disposal Guidelines for the Province of Alberta– Feb 1994 (8 pages, <1 MB)
- Standards for Composting Facilities in Alberta– Jul 2007 (31 pages, <1 MB)
- Standards for Landfills in Alberta– Feb 2010 (43 pages, <1 MB)
- Storing Hazardous Waste and Recyclables– Aug 2004 (2 pages, < 1 MB)
Acceptable Industry Practices and Fact Sheets
Some wastes have material-specific legislation for their characterization and environmentally protective management. Below are some facts sheets for specific wastes that provide additional clarity on how they must be managed.
- Aerosol Cans– Feb 2012 (1 page, <1 MB)
- Beneficial Use of Waste– May 2012 (3 pages, <1 MB)
- Car Wash Sump Wastes– May 2012 (2 pages, <1 MB)
- Chemically Treated Wood Waste– Feb 2012 (1 page, <1 MB)
- Coal Ash– Feb 2012 (2 pages, <1 MB)
- Designation of Leachable Wastes in Alberta (former TDGR Classes 9)– Feb 2012 (1 page, <1 MB)
- Disposal of Asbestos Waste– Feb 2012 (5 pages, <1 MB)
- Disposal of Biomedical Waste– Mar 9, 2015 (1 page, 2 MB)
- Disposal of Treated Seed– Mar 2008 (1 page, <1 MB)
- Hazardous Waste and Hazardous Recyclables Management in Alberta– 2009 (2 pages, <1 MB)
- Importation of Hazardous Recyclables– May 2012 (3 pages, <1 MB)
- Industrial Sump and Pit Wastes– Feb 2012 (3 pages, <1 MB)
- Management of Reclaimed Asphalt Pavement– Mar 2010 (2 pages, <1 MB)
- Management of Mercury Dental Amalgam– May 2012 (2 pages, <1 MB)
- Management of Used Car Lube Oils, Filters and Empty Containers– May 2012 (2 pages, <1 MB)
- Management of Used Mercury Vapour Lamps and Mercury Containing Articles– May 2012 (2 pages, <1 MB)
- Paint Waste Management– May 2012 (4 pages, <1 MB)
- Quality of Treated Waste or Contaminated Soil Used as Intermediate Cover at Class II Landfills– Feb 2012 (1 page, <1 MB)
- Used Oil as Dust Suppressant– May 2012 (3 pages, <1 MB)
Fact Sheets on Setbacks for Waste Facilities
Waste facilities have a minimum separation distance to schools, residence, hospitals and food establishments. In some cases, a subdivision of development authority may seek to vary setback distances. Provided below are documents describing the processes and requirements for setback distance variation consent from specific types of waste management facilities.
Updated: Nov 3, 2017