Rivers and Streams

The Crown generally owns the beds and shores of rivers and streams. Some exceptions apply. For more information on these exceptions, see:

Rivers and streams are dynamic landscape features that move across their floodplains by depositing sediment and through undercutting and eroding banks.

This erosion is a natural process and usually occurs slowly over time. As the river moves, so do its natural boundaries. Sudden avulsive changes in the course of a river or stream (e.g., abrupt changes in a river or stream course due to a flood event) do not change the location of ownership boundaries.


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Updated: Jan 16, 2018