Alberta's physical features produce an array of landscapes: mountains, glaciers, foothills, lakes, rivers, forests, badlands, wetlands and open plains.

Alberta covers 661,185 sq. km, almost seven per cent of Canada's land mass. Alberta's land area covers 541,385 sq. km, or 82 per cent of the province. Wetlands account for some 103,000 sq. km (15.6 per cent) and open water covers the remaining 16,800 sq. km (2.5 per cent). Approximately half of Alberta is covered by upland forests. Agricultural lands and other, non-forested urban areas make up almost one third (31 per cent). The remainder is peat lands and water.

Approximately 90 per cent of Alberta is part of North America's interior plain, with heavily forested areas and peat lands in the north, grasslands in the south and parkland in the east and central areas. Mountains and foothills make up the western boundary of the province and include nearly half of the southwest corner of Alberta.


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Updated: Jan 29, 2014