The Surveys and Technical Services Section has not yet thoroughly investigated each defect; therefore, it is identified
as an alleged defect. As each official plan is reviewed, additional research is required to confirm whether there is in
fact a deficiency. If there is, a new edition of the plan will need to be created.
Baselines and Meridians
Due to errors in surveys, parts of some baseline and meridian plans do not correctly reflect how the monuments are posted.
Some of these lines are officially recorded on township plans (5th Meridian), while others have not been officially recognized
and remain in the field notes stage. Approximately 60 township plans within this category are included in the list provided.
The Director of Surveys Office has prepared the 5th Meridian Townships 89 to 108 Policy Document dealing specifically with
the 5th Meridian:
Clerical Errors, Omissions or Defects
In the past, while conducting regular plan examination duties, a number of township plans were found to contain clerical
errors or data omission when compared with the original township field notes. Alberta Land Surveyors have reported other
defects such as monumentation inconsistencies and conflicting data. Approximately 183 official plans within this category
are included in the list.
As Forest Reserves were established, some of the information for townships within the areas affected was removed from official
plans produced. Since the Surveys and Technical Services Section recognizes the importance of identifying all of the available
survey data on the township plan, the TRRP will restore all of the previously deleted information. Approximately 42 plans
fall within this category and are included within the list provided.
Some township plans do not reflect the current position of common boundaries of Indian Reserves. The updating of official
township plans to show the current boundary position of Indian Reserves will require the collaborative efforts of Geomatics
Canada, Land Administration and others to ensure the boundaries are correct and current. A listing of township plans within
this category is not available at this time.
When doing research involving Indian Reserves, users must not rely solely on the information shown on township plans.
Township plans prepared prior to 1903 contained detailed topographic information but were deficient in survey information
compared to today's standards. Information regarding the type of survey monumentation placed at the corners or whether witness
monuments were placed was not included on the plan. There are no immediate plans to revise townships in this category as
these plans are easily identified and field notes are readily available. Approximately 280 townships are listed in this
Many land surveyors assume that in the absence of bearings and distances, the plans are standard townships with all distances
being 40 chains and all bearings being straight lines with no deflections. This is not always the case, and field notes
must be researched for any of these types of plans.
Restoration/Re-establishment on Township, Baseline and Meridian Plans
There are approximately 68 official surveys that have re-established lost monuments, retraced existing boundaries and restored
obliterated monuments. This information has not yet been incorporated into the official township plans. Official plans affected
are included in the alleged deficiency list.
Single-Line Road Allowances
All existing township plans indicating a single-line for the theoretical government road allowance within unsurveyed territory
are considered deficient. New editions showing road allowances 99 feet wide along unsurveyed section lines shall replace
these plans. There are 21 township plans showing single-line unsurveyed road allowances included in the list provided.
In early years, as new townships were surveyed and official plans produced, an attempt was made to review and update all
other bordering townships if changes were discovered on the common boundaries. This practice was discontinued when the responsibility
for township plans was transferred to Alberta in 1931.
There are also a number of redundant baseline and meridian plans that have been incorporated into township plans. There
are no immediate plans to revise township plans in this category. A list of deficient township plans in this category is
not available at this time.
When doing research along a township boundary, surveyors must review other bordering townships for the possibility of more
List of Alberta Townships with Alleged Deficiencies
For details of alleged deficiencies or to comment on specific items within the list of alleged deficiencies, contact: