Reduce Human-Caused Mortality

This recovery strategy has aimed to limit the direct, human causes of grizzly bear mortality.

Grizzly Bear Mortality Rates

In Alberta, most known grizzly bear mortality is caused by humans. Such causes include:

  • Poaching
  • Being mistaken for a black bear during the black bear hunting season
  • Self-defence
  • Accidents, such as road kill

Each year, the Government of Alberta tracks the causes of each known grizzly mortality. These numbers alone cannot be used to calculate the population of grizzly bears in our province. The population fluctuates due to migration across US and BC borders, the survival rate of cubs and other factors.

To see the grizzly bear mortality rates for 2005 – 2014, see:

To reduce human-caused bear mortality, Alberta has initiated:

  • Hunting moratorium. In 2006 a hunting moratorium was introduced. Since that time, no grizzly bears have been hunted legally.

    To see how the annual grizzly bear mortality rate has changed since the introduction of the hunting moratorium, see:

  • Access management strategies. To minimize the potential for conflict between people and bears, motorized access into bear habitat is managed by a number of land use policies, including:

    • National and Provincial parks, Wilderness Areas and Forest Land Use Zones all have restrictions on motorized access.
    • The land disposition application process includes an evaluation of anticipated motorized access into grizzly bear habitat.
    • Regional plans developed under the Land-use Framework will consider grizzly bear habitat requirements.

To read the Access Management Strategy, see:


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Posted: Oct 19, 2015