The harlequin duck is classified as Sensitive in the current General Status of Alberta Wild Species report. See:
For more information on this species, and the assessment and listing process, see the Status of the Harlequin Duck in
Alberta report at:
In a subsequent detailed status assessment, Alberta’s Endangered Species Conservation Committee identified the harlequin duck
as a Species of Special Concern—a species that without human intervention may soon become threatened with extinction.
See information on the Endangered Species Conservation Committee and Species of Special Concern at:
- Late breeding maturity and intermittent breeding behaviour of this species results in low annual population growth.
- Breeding habitat is very specific, limited geographically, and vulnerable to human activities such as logging, mining, grazing,
and outdoor recreation.
- Regional inventories and research initiatives have led to:
- restrictions on recreational boating and rafting on a number of streams and rivers in Alberta
- potential site-specific mitigation for the effects of mining, and monitoring programs to evaluate population response
Until recently, the harlequin duck was simply managed as a migratory game bird, although waterfowl hunting does not generally
occur within its range in Alberta.
Hunting season information for this species is provided in the current Alberta Guide to Hunting Regulations. To
view the guide online or to order a printed copy, visit the My Wild Alberta website at:
Updated: Jan 15, 2014