- The broad-winged hawk is small, about 42 centimetres (17 inches) long.
- Broad-winged hawks appear somewhat chunky. This is due to the wings being almost as wide as they are long and the short
- The crown and back are dark greyish brown in color.
- From below, the wings are white with contrasting black tips, and the breast and abdomen are white, barred with brown.
- The most distinguishing feature is the broadly barred tail.
- The broad-winged hawk ranges throughout wooded areas of Canada and the eastern United States, east of the Rockies.
- The breeding season is spent in Canada, and the southeast United States provide wintering grounds. Broad-winged hawks characteristically
migrate in large flocks.
- In Alberta, the broad-winged hawk ranges in the parkland and southern boreal forest regions.
- Prefers mixed-wood forests and groves of deciduous trees
- Prey species include:
- Large insects
- Unlike other buteos, this small hawk seldom soars, or perches in the open when hunting, but stays in the confines of the
- Nests are built in trees, and two to four eggs are laid.
The broad-winged hawk is classified as Sensitive in the General Status of Alberta Wild Species report. See:
- This hawk requires large stands of mature forests as breeding habitat; careful woodlot management would benefit this species.
- Like all birds of prey in Alberta, the broad-winged is protected by the provincial Wildlife Act and classified as a non-game
Updated: Jan 8, 2014