- Geese have learned to adapt to an urban environment.
- Geese are able to thrive in towns and cities as there are few natural predators in these areas.
- Geese are grazers and feed on readily-available grasses. However, geese will scrounge and may eat garbage, compost or other
unnatural sources of food.
- Geese have a strong homing instinct. They will return to the same nesting and feeding sites year after year.
- Canada geese can live up to 20 years.
Frequently Asked Questions
How can geese be a nuisance to people?
- Geese can be loud, destroy landscaping and can harass and threaten pets.
- Geese are territorial and can be aggressive, charging humans and animals they feel are getting too close to their nest or
What should I do if I see geese?
- Do not feed the geese. Human food can be harmful to geese, and being fed by humans lowers their natural fear of people,
making problem encounters more likely.
- The best thing for geese, and all wildlife, is to be left alone.
- Be aware that when goslings hatch, their parents will take them to the nearest water body within a day. They will be able
to make this journey with no human intervention.
How can I keep geese away from my property?
- If you want the birds to permanently leave your property, you will need to remove the source of food or shelter that they
are finding there. Removing individual geese or flocks of geese from your property will only leave a vacancy for others
- Alter the landscape to discourage the geese from using it as habitat. Geese prefer short, well-mown lawns that enable them
to spot approaching predators from a distance. Let your grass grow to a length of 15 centimetres (6 inches).
- Reduce goose food sources by using less fertilizer. This will slow down the development of new grass shoots that geese prefer
to feed on.
- Consider installing fencing around the water body on your property or creating a visual barrier along the shoreline by adding
rocks or plants.
- If you’re encountering goose problems in a city park, golf course or other facility, contact the municipality.
Call a Fish and Wildlife officer if you need specific advice on goose problems on your property, or to discuss removal techniques.
To find contact information for a Fish and Wildlife office near you, see:
For more information on Alberta’s fox species, see
To download in-depth information on waterfowl control from The Handbook: Prevention and Control of Wildlife Damage, published by the University of
Updated: Feb 19, 2014